Tuesday, January 21, 2020
My Watch My article of clothing is with me at all times. It consists of a 3cm circular base and two separate straps, each 6cm long connected by a metal clasp. These two straps and a clasp are then connected to the top and bottom of the base. The straps are outlined in hard rigid silver, looking as my uncle's smoothly brushed gray hair. Through the center of the 2cm wide straps is a 1cm in width gold strip. The gold looks as bright as a gold chalice from my local church. The clasp is a hard silvery gray such as that which borders the straps. The letters 'SEIKO' are clearly placed on the clasp in raised lettering. The clasp looks 3cm long when in the closed position, but when opened it extends to 11cm as two more 4cm metal pieces open outward. The face of the object is encircled with a gold color, gold as the trim on my father's Cadillac. Inside the gold trim, the background is a black color. The black is like the black rubber on my car's Cooper tires. Towards the top of this face, there is a number 12, the bottom has a number 6, and the leftmost number has a number 9. Each of these numbers are raised in lettering in a gold color. On the rightmost side, there is a 1/2cm x 1/5cm sized box. This box is then further separated in two parts. 2/3s of the box is devoted towards showing the current day's first 3 letters, now showing a THU for Thursday. The remaining space of the box is set aside for the date of the month. In this box the number 14 is shown. Both, the day and the date, are in white colors. This white is like a white hospital gown, starched and cleaned. The face of the object has 56 small lines all facing from the outside of the circle towards the middle. These gold lines are equally separated all aro the face of the object.
Monday, January 13, 2020
Molly HubnerPeriod 1Extra Credit Paper Chemistry of Cancer Cancerous cells develop when conditions for cells are favorable, therefore following the divisions to continually occur, never stopping. When this happens, a tissue mass of cells called a tumor is formed and does not respond to normal controls regarding cell growth. Cancer cells have the following characteristics: profound changes in the plasma and membrane cytoplasm, abnormal growth and division weakened capacity for adhesion, and lethality. The membrane permeability is intensified and some proteins may be altered or added. Enzyme activities may also change and the cytoskeleton shrinks, causing a chaotic atmosphere. Controls are lost and cell populations will dramatically increase. New proteins cause abnormal increases in small blood vessels. Due to the high numbers, the cells can no longer attach itself to the parent tissue. Unless the cancerous cells are removed, they will kill the individual. Cancer is the number one killer in America today. We can say the known causes of cancer are radiation, sunlight, pollution, cigarette smoking and improper diets. I will explain the major causes of cancer, but before I proceed let me define the term Ã¢â¬Å"cancer. To be defined cancer is an abnormal, uncontrolled growth of cells that can spread beyond their natural boundaries to other parts of the body. Cancers can develop in numerous parts of the body. At first oncogene, genes with highly specialized functions were said to be the Ã¢â¬ cancer genes Ã¢â¬Å". This of course was wrong as oncogene promote normal c ell division and growth as well as the repair and replacement of damaged cells. Cancer starts when one out of as many as one trillion cells goes awry. When first damaged the cell loses its external controls and then the internal controls defect. From this it tries to develop a new set of internal controls by multiplying at a rapid pace which spreads colonies throughout the body. Cancer has been said to have two steps: mutation and promotion. During mutation the cell has been hit and permanently damaged; the cell is primed and ready to be molded known as a cancer cellPromotion is the cell division of the cancerous cell which then loses its controls- it then compensates itself by becoming an autonomous body Cancer can take 10 Ã¢â¬â 15 years to become fully developed, this depending on the cause or the ggressiveness of the tumor. Mature cells tend to progress slower. Metastases is the final stage when cancer is spread through the body by blood vessels or lymphatic channels. Single metastases can be cured usually by surgery or radiotherapy and multiple metastases is cured by chemotherapy . Metastases follows a path- from the primary tumor to a specific organ or organs. Lung Cancer is a disease marked by uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells. The abnormal cells may no longer do the work of normal cells and in turn crowd out and destroy the healthy tissue. Most of the victims of cancer die from lung cancer. Many of these cases could have been avoided because it most often occurs in people over the age of 50 with a history of smoking. There are different types of lung cancer involving different parts of the lungs. They have different symptoms and are all treated differently. If the cancer is located in one of the bronchi it can irritate the lining of the bronchus and cause a chronic cough. Otherwise known as Ã¢â¬Å"smokers coughÃ¢â¬ . In serious conditions of this cough some might actually cough up blood. If the cancer spreads it may fill up the bronchus so air cannot easily pass in or out. Repeated lung infections and pneumonia are common with this condition. The leading cause of lung cancer is smoking. Cigarette smoke contains more than 4,000 different chemicals, many of which are carcinogens (may cause cancer). The three of the most damaging toxins are nicotine, tars, and carbon monoxide. Second-hand smoke inhaled by both smokers and nonsmokers is another important cause of lung cancer. Smoking is responsible for 90% of lung cancer deaths among men, 79% among women. Also smoking accounts for about 30% of all cancer deaths. Smokers that inhale two or more packs of cigarettes a day, have a cancer mortality rate 12-25 times greater than a nonsmokers. It has been estimated that if all the smokers in America stopped smoking, lung cancer would be virtually gone. The best known carcinogen is asbestos. Others include nickel, chromate, and vinyl chloride. Risk of lung cancer is greatly increased when combined with smoking. It is obvious that cigarette smoking is the single most powerful cause of lung cancer. The increase in risk has been observed not only in men, but more recently in women, for smoking has come engage in activities formerly considered the domain of men. Depending upon the number of cigarettes smoked, and the number of cigarettes smoked each day can increase the risk of lung cancer. It is clear that there is a definite and direct dose-response relationship between the smoking dose and the development of cancer. I believe that if someone smokes even a pack of cigarettes a day it will increase the risk of getting cancer. Radon is the second leading cause of lung cancer. It is a radioactive gas found in the earth's rocks and soil, formed by the natural breakdown of radium. Excessive exposure of radon in the home may increase the risk of lung cancer especially in smokers. If the radon levels are found to be to high, remedial actions should be taken. Another cause of cancer is on the job exposure to carcinogens . You can't see radon. And you can't smell or taste it, but it may very well be a problem in your home. It is estimated to cause many thousands of deaths each year. Radon is a cancer-causing, radioactive gas, and when you breathe air containing the gas, you can get lung cancer. In fact, radon has now been declared the second leading cause of lung cancer in the United States today. Only smoking causes more lung cancer deaths. If you smoke and your home has high radon levels, your risk of lung cancer is especially high. Radon can be found all over the United States. It comes from the natural breakdown of uranium in soil, rock and water and gets in to the air you breathe. Radon can get into any type of building, homes, offices, and schools and build up to high levels. But you and your family are most likely to get your greatest exposure in your home because that is where you spend most of your time. In recent years Cancer is disease that has seemed to scared and infected Americans. Cancer is the second leading cause of death in the U. S. with more than 1 million new cases occurring a year. With each day scientific findings give a better understanding of the causes of the disease. These findings have opened doors to help treat cancer patients more effectively. Scientists have gained a more specific knowledge of individual cancers and now through the wonders of science have found effective treatments for the disease. To treat Cancer doctors and scientist need an understanding of what the disease actually physically does. Cancer is defined as Ã¢â¬Å"new growth of tissue resulting from a continuing proliferation of abnormal cells that have the ability to invade and destroy other tissues. Ã¢â¬ Cancer is not restricted to what type of cell and tissue it may emerge from. Therefore, they describe the disease as a large number of diseases as opposed to just on single disease. Because Cancer involves cells that can easily enter the bloodstream the disease has the ability to spread quickly through the body making it an even more dangerous disease and harder to stop. The idea behind surgery for treatment of cancer patients is to remove all malignant cells and tumors. With new, more precise, surgical advances, far less tissue is required to be removed thus resulting in a quicker recovery and less chance for serious disability. Surgery is most effective if done in the early stages of Cancer, although it is effective in more developed stages in relieving symptoms. Surgery is also used to make other forms of treatment, such as radiation, more effective. With the reduction of the tumor through surgery radiation treatment may effectively eliminate the tumor. Radiation treatment of cancer uses gamma rays attack Cancer causing tissue. Since tumors are more sensitive to radiation than normal tissue radiation can effectively eliminate or reduce harmful tissues that surgery can otherwise not remove. Since normal tissues are not as easily harmed by radiation, the negative effects on healthy tissue are not as severe. If the tumor is reduced through radiation, it may become possible for a doctor to eliminate the tumor through surgery. Radiation can also sterilize tumors thus preventing or slowing the spread of the Cancer through the body. This can also help doctors remove the tumor more easily through surgery, and provides a much less involved, painful surgery. The combination of radiation and surgery, if effective, can offer a cure with fewer negative side effects to the patient. The final traditional means of treating cancer is Chemotherapy. This form of treatment involves the use of drugs. Chemotherapy is used when Cancer has grown throughout the body and is no longer accessible through radiation or surgery. Although after chemotherapy, surgery is often used to eliminate remaining Caceres tissue. In this treatment drugs are administered and pass through the blood stream effecting Cancer tissue and healthy tissue. Since the drugs affect healthy tissue the patient will become sick from the treatment but because healthy cells divide faster than malignant cells the patient is able to recuperate. Chemotherapy, like all Cancer treatments, is most effective when administered early the early stages of the disease. It is also important that the treatment is consistent and administered frequently in order to achieve the most successful results. Cancer is one of the most leading causes of death in women, children and the elderly in the United States of America. Cancer is the number one killer in America today. We can say the known causes of cancer are radiation, sunlight, pollution, cigarette smoking and improper diets. Until this day we can say the causes of cancer are many and definitely complex, while the development of most cancers still remain unexplained. Bibliography Avendano, Carmen, and J. Carlos Mendes. Medicinal Chemistry of Anti- Cancer DrugsÃ¢â¬ ElSever: Hardbook. April 2008 Kotasek, Dusan, and Peter Pannall. Cancer and Clinical Biochemistry. UK:ACB. Venture Publications, 1997
Saturday, January 4, 2020
Revolutionary Movements With the 20th century, many new revolutionary movements have come into the focus of world politics. Of these, fascism is one of the most difficult to put into a proper context. Many scholars through the years have tried to place fascism and answer the seemingly simple question of What is Fascism? It can be described in several versions depending on the scholar. The most familiar version is the right/left idea, while the democratic/non-democratic and industrialized/non-industrialized models are increasingly popular in the understanding of fascism. All of these models need to rely on a concise set of criteria for its analysis, as well as how these criteria can beÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦5) The one term that seems to transcend the different revolutionary movements seems to be totalitarian. The totalitarian state has a characteristic that can be attached to fascism, that is the one party system. So, according to Gregor, What emerged from all that was not a left/right dichotomy, but a democratic/antidemocratic model. It was not a rational, humane and internationalist left opposing an irrational, inhumane, and ultranationalist right that provided cognitive structure and dynamic tension to political reality, it was an antidemocratic totalitarianism that opposed itself to political liberalism and representative democracy. (Gregor, Phoenix pg 19) The industrialized/unindustrialized paradigm used to explain the fascist revolutions relies heavily on the idea of inferior (imagined or real) feelings that an underdeveloped country or community may feel toward an industrial leader. The Italians felt this toward Britain in the 1920s, and their need to rise up and see their natural strength as Italians. From that day, the new nation reconstructed itself, because that powerful cry had by that time awakened all Italians, and animated and guided them in their arduous labor (Origins and Doctrine of Fascism, Gentile pg 19). A sense of redemption became a part of the doctrine, and if a country were advanced industrially, then there would be little if any need to speak of thingsShow MoreRelatedThe Revolutionary Movement1165 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThey Did Not Expect Him is RepinÃ¢â¬â¢s most notable painting on the theme of political prisoners, and is the only significant piece of this time that brings the effects of the revolutionary mo vement into the domestic sphere. Stripped away is the exileÃ¢â¬â¢s grandeur of idealistic Populism featured in other paintings on the theme, and in its place are the realistic effects of his absence and incarceration. In the initial sketches the main character oscillated between a man or woman, and while the title becomesRead MoreThe Revolutionary Movement1334 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThere is no redemption in Woman at Point Zero, and even the revolutionaries are portrayed as exploitative. FirdausÃ¢â¬â¢ love, Ibrahim, is a revolutionary who speaks up against the oppression of the workers by the management. She associates his words against oppression to her own struggle in being a female worker and thus a doubly repressed citizen. However when he betrays her by becoming betrothed to a symbol of the corporation he speaks out against, Firdaus realizes that although Ibrahim speaks theRead MoreThe Cuban Revolutionary Movement Of Cuba968 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe Cuban revolutionary move ment is still remembered today as a significant cause of what has come of Cuba today but more importantly by the people who were involved. One who played a significant role for his effort to overthrow the Cuban and Bolivian government was Che Guevara. Che Guevara became involved in political change when he was on a trip in Cuba where he met Fidel Castro. At the time, Fidel Castro wanted to overthrow the government which was under control of Fulgencio Batista. GuevaraÃ¢â¬â¢sRead MoreThe Reconstruction Is A Revolutionary Movement Of The United States990 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesMost people believes that the South win in the period reconstruction with many different ways. The Reconstruction is a revolutionary movement of the United States. It changes aspects in history of the United States. It occurs after the American Civil War. The Reconstruction is one of the most controversial period AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s history. That is the period the South gets more benefit than the North. In my o pinion, the most win of the South is that it has strengthened democracy about political, economicRead MoreNo Taxation Without Representation- Revolutionary Movement?1832 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesThe demand for no taxation without representation was the primary force motivating the American revolutionary movement, and for many it became a symbol for democracy. Throughout the late 18th century, the British colony of America was oppressed by Parliament from across the pond. This oppression included unequal rights compared to English citizens that lived on the mainland, unneeded taxation, and no representation in Parliament, which resulted in many laws that were unfavorable to the AmericanRead MoreThe Revolutionary Movement Of The Late 19th And Early 20th Century2187 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesDadaism, closely followed by the Surrealist Movement, in the late 19th and the early 20th century, signify pivotal periods of artwork. Dadaism arose after WWI as a result of the nationalism that many p eople believed led to the war. Influenced by Cubism, Futurism, Constructivism and Expressionism, it aesthetically it marked Ã¢â¬Ëa mockery of materialistic and nationalistic attitudesÃ¢â¬â¢. Challenging conventional art which was meticulously planned and completed, Dada pieces incorporated the idea of chanceRead MoreFirst Revolutionary Movement : Benedict Anderson s Novel Imagined Communities1555 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagestheoretical framework which can be applied to the formation of nation-states in the 18th and 19th centuries across the world. AndersonÃ¢â¬â¢s analyses of the processes that contribute to a nationÃ¢â¬â¢s birth reveal a constant prerequisite in every revolutionary movement: an imagined community. Imagined communities are formed by a number of people who identify with a socially constructed group, even though they have no interaction with the vast majority of the communityÃ¢â¬â¢s members (Anderson, 1983, p. 6). UsingRead MoreUnder Western Eyes By Joseph Conra d1611 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesWestern Eyes is a voluminous text with many philosophical undertones, a complex plot, and complicated narrative structure. The protagonist of the story, Kirylo Sidorovich Razumov, experiences much turmoil due to his betrayal of a fellow student and revolutionary named Victor Haldin, and finds his entire existence convoluted new social ties, new emotions, and an inner moral conflict. The question the novel raises has to do with RazumovÃ¢â¬â¢s changed circumstances and how these affect his character. AlthoughRead MoreKhudiram Bose3516 Words Ã |Ã 15 PagesKnownÃ for | Indian freedom fighter | Khudiram BoseÃ (Bengali:Ã Ã ¦â¢Ã § Ã ¦ ·Ã § Ã ¦ ¦Ã ¦ ¿Ã ¦ °Ã ¦ ¾Ã ¦ ® Ã ¦ ¬Ã ¦ ¸Ã § Ã Khudiram Boshu) (3 December 1889 Ã¢â¬â 11 August 1908) was aÃ BengaliÃ revolutionary, one of the youngest revolutionaries early in theÃ Indian independence movement. At the time of his hanging, he was 18 years, 7 months 11 days oldÃ¢â¬âbarely a legal adult. ContentsÃ Ã [hide]Ã * 1Ã Early life * 2Ã Revolutionary activities * 3Ã The Muzaffarpur killing * 4Ã Capture and aftermath * 5Ã Trial, sentencing and martyrdom * 6Ã See also * 7Ã ReferencesRead MoreShahid Udham Singh2712 Words Ã |Ã 11 Pageschanged his name to Ram Mohammad Singh Azad and was also known as Ram Mohammed Singh Azad, symbolizing the unification of the three major religions of India: Hinduism, Islam and Sikhism. Singh is considered one of the best-known of the more heroic revolutionaries of the Indian freedom struggle; he is also sometimes referred to as Shaheed-i-Azam Sardar Udham Singh (the expression Shaheed-i-Azam, Urdu: Ã ´Ãâ¡ÃÅ'Ã ¯ Ã §Ã ¹Ã ¸Ãâ¦, means the great martyr). Bhagat Singh and Udham Singh along with Chandrasekhar Azad, Rajguru
Friday, December 27, 2019
Empowering HIV-Infected Mothers In religion, stigma is a word that has always held a significant cultural impact in human rights throughout history, in particular a significantly discriminating effect. However, in the last century we have globally experienced cultural shifts that have redefined the word to a more general sense. Simply type in the word Ã¢â¬Å"stigmaÃ¢â¬ on any search engine on the web and phrases such as Ã¢â¬Å"mark of shameÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"negativeÃ¢â¬ or Ã¢â¬Å"unfairÃ¢â¬ are common terms to describe it. So why do I bring this word to your attention? Stigma is a word that correlates to pain, and suffering and that is one of the most influential aspects of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus, better known as HIV. To those living in developing countries with little-to-no access for proper care, the word stigma is more than just a term, but rather a way of bringing humiliation and alienating those affected by the virus. According to the United NationÃ¢â¬â¢s Article I of the Universal Declar ation of Human Rights: Ã¢â¬Å"All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.Ã¢â¬ Reading this, I cannot help but wonder how frequently this right is violated throughout third world nations suffering from health and economic crises, such as those highly affected by HIV in the Sub-Saharan region of Africa. In the following study, I will illustrate the issues of rights, representation, inequality,Show MoreRelatedessay on hiv-aids1669 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages2000 words essay on: HIV-AIDS AIDS, The full form is Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome is caused by a virus called HIV (Human Immune Deficiency Virus). It is a condition in which the built in defence system of the body breaks down completely. This phenomenon is gradual but ultimately leads to total depletion of a very important cell component of the immune mechanism. Thus those who are affected are unable to combat with common diseases including even mildRead MoreHow is HIV/AIDS in Uganda Connected to Social Justice? Essays985 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesWhat is HIV? HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus which is a virus that attacks the human immune system. Once the body is unable to continue fighting the infection, the disease is more severe and known as AIDS. It usually takes more than 10 years to progress from the HIV virus to AIDS which is a deadly disease that has killed over than 25 million people around the world. HIV can be transmitted between people many different ways. Any kind of unprotected sexual intercourse is a very commonRead MoreHealth Trade And Human Rights Essay1483 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesof this book is to the good health of the public and preserve their equality and rights as describe in the first world. In favour to health he describe the very wide range of issues, including health advancement, care trade law and diseases like HIV/AIDS, the implementation of medical professionals in the treatment of prisoners during armed conflicts, medical experimentation involving human subjects. Mainly the author focusing ethics of humans, illuminate the responsibility towards ourselves andRead MoreEducation, Poor Health Care Services, And Lack Of Modern Technology1626 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesresearched and are well recognized in research studies. However, upon further investigation, HIV/AIDS epidemics, especially in Africa, indicates an unclear alliance between general learning and health education. While general literacy is an important element of good health, it is not sufficient to address the major health challenges facing developing and developed civilizations (Kickbusch). AIDS in Africa has infected roughly 25 million people and is a disease of poverty and lack of education and unattainableRead MoreHiv / Aids : A Devastating Disease1482 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesHIV/AIDS is a devastating disease that has predominated in Africa due to the long incubation period of the virus, poverty, sexual promiscuousness, urbanization, trading routes, lack of knowledge, medical advances (use of needles, blood transfusion), and gender inequalities. Although the government denied the existence of HIV/ AIDS for many years, they have begun working towards various solutions such as the ABC (Abstinence, Be faithful, and Condom use) method and United States initiatives like PEPFARRead MoreReduction Of Stds And Hiv Essay2038 Words Ã |Ã 9 Pagesof STDs and HIV in Adolescent Women An Analysis of the Reduction Program: Sisters Saving Sisters Ashley Reid CPH 330: Human Sexuality Dr. Mary Koss THE PROBLEM The aim of the intervention program Sisters Saving Sisters (SSS) is to help prevent and reduce HIV and other STDs rates in young African American and Hispanic women. Sisters Saving Sisters aims to reduce the overall number of sexual partners adolescent women have to decrease their risk of contracting HIV or other STDsRead MoreHIV/AIDS acquisition is at an all-time high in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s society, especially for women in hidden or2000 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pages HIV/AIDS acquisition is at an all-time high in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s society, especially for women in hidden or illegal activities, such as drug-use and sex work (Beard et al. 2010). As a result of their hidden lifestyles, their children are at increased risk of acquiring HIV/AIDS through mother-to-child transmission (MTCT), especially due to the stigma surrounding the disease, keeping women from seeking services that could help both them and their children (Beard et al. 2010). The following paper explores theRead MoreDoes Gender Play A R ole? Hiv / Aids?2536 Words Ã |Ã 11 PagesDoes Gender Play a Role in HIV/AIDS? When AIDS made its debut in the early 80s, societies branded it as a disease that infected homosexuals and/or IV drug abusers. People often confused HIV with AIDS. HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) is the virus that infects a person, and if left untreated leads to the fatal disease AIDS (acquired immune deficiency syndrome). However, over the last 35 years, we have learned that, in reality, AIDS does not discriminate against sexual orientation, drug addictionsRead MoreUnsafe Sex Practice3833 Words Ã |Ã 16 PagesUnsafe sex or unprotected sex describes sexual contact of any form that takes place in the absence of a condom normally used in preventing the risk of sexually transmitted infections and HIV (Chambers, 2010). The World Health Organisation (2004) considers all the consequences that can arise from unsafe sex practice and came up with a broader definition stating that any sexual contact that can lead to unwanted pregnancy, abortion, infertility, unstable mental conditions and cancer arising from certainRead MoreDiscuss the Importance of Non Verbal Communication to Education24125 Words Ã |Ã 97 Pages------------------------------------------------- Top of Form Bottom of Form IFAD strategy paper on HIV/AIDS for East and Southern Africa IFAD strategy paper on HIV/AIDS for East and Southern Africa A. Assessing the Impact of HIV/AIDS on IFAD-Supported Projects 34. This section looks at the relevance of HIV/AIDS to agricultural and rural development projects, considering the vulnerability of project target groups and IFAD project staff and their families to HIV/AIDS; the reduced project implementation capacity resulting from the
Thursday, December 19, 2019
The Scientific Evolution and The Victorian Christians In regards to Judaeo Christian religion, for many yearsÃ¢â¬â¢ people believed that the creation of the earth had taken place in 4004BC. Nigel Scotland, a senior lecturer in The Faculty of Arts in St. Paul and St. Mary, Cheltenham College wrote in his article, Darwin and Doubt and the Response of the Victorian Churches, Ã¢â¬Å"Up until the late eighteenth and early nineteenth century, the church held the Bible to speak authoritatively on all matters in which determined the relationship between God and manÃ¢â¬ and how man was to deal with all living things on the earth (Scotland 1). Also, Ã¢â¬Å"the bible remarks all that takes place on the earth was a result, in GodÃ¢â¬â¢s divine powersÃ¢â¬ (Scotland 1), without providing proper explanation for all that has happened; However, all that started to change during the Victorian Era, as many people began to doubt Christianity and the Biblical scriptures (Scotland 1). One of the main reasons for this doubt to burst to the surface was because of new scientific discoveries. In particular, in1859, during the time Charles Darwin published his book Ã¢â¬Å"The Origin Of Species by Means of Natural Selection Of the Preservation Of Favored Races In the Struggle For Life.Ã¢â¬ Charles DarwinÃ¢â¬â¢s book caused a mass evolution in scientific theory. His theories challenged long held religious teachings and beliefs, which caused a major backlash from the Victorian churches and religious believers (Scotland 3). The three mainShow MoreRelatedEssay about Dracula vs Van Helsing958 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesEnglish Victorian era context, where gender roles were repressed and science and religion had a conflicting relationship. Van Helsing (Stephen Summers) is a contemporary reproduction which demonstrates the same concepts and concerns that have endured but evolved, and so they have been represented for the modern day audience. The evolution of the concern of Gender roles and the idea of the new woman is very obvious throu gh the comparison this essay will make between the conservative Victorian era MinaRead MoreMargaret Sanger s The Argument For Teenage Mothers And Abstinent Couples1505 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesattitude of the female youth changed dramatically regarding the rules of engagement and the way in which interactions with male counterparts were gauged. Postmodern women were governed by Victorian ideals, which inferred purity through absolute abstinence outside the boundaries of marriage. The role of the Victorian inspired woman was to stay home and raise children and attend to domestic duties while husbands worked to provide for the family. The Ã¢â¬Å"new womanÃ¢â¬ however, subscribed to a new set of idealsRead MoreChristianity And The Biblical Scriptures Essay1759 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesIn regards to Judaeo Christian religion, for many yearsÃ¢â¬â¢ people believed that the creation of the earth had taken place in 4004BC. Nigel Scotland, a senior lecturer in The Faculty of Arts in St. Paul and St. Mary, Cheltenham College wrote in his article, Darwin and Doubt and the Response of the Victorian Churches, Ã¢â¬Å"Up until the late eighteenth and early nineteenth century, the church held the Bible to speak authoritatively on all matters in wh ich determined the relationship between God and manÃ¢â¬ andRead MoreSpirituality in the Victorian Era Essay1409 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages This essay will show why interest in the occult manifested in the Victorian Era and the ways in which it did. The word Ã¢â¬ËoccultÃ¢â¬â¢ is defined in the Oxford English Dictionary as; Ã¢â¬ËNot apprehended, or not apprehensible, by the mind; beyond ordinary understanding or knowledge; abstruse, mysterious; inexplicable.Ã¢â¬â¢ And it is with this definition that we will gain an understanding of the Victorians interest in occultism, and the very different ways in which these interests were shared by female spiritualistsRead MoreDark Matters During Victorian Britain1333 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesHaley Hummel Mrs. Calo HFE-- Period 7 13 November 2015 Dark Matters in Victorian Britain Some people regard the Victorian Era as a wondrous period of time in which there were only grand balls, silk hoop skirts, and lots of money. This is not the case. Although the British were in the beginning of an Industrial Age, and well into a period of peace and prosperity, there were still many problems with society. They were coming to realize strict morality, and political/societal reform with their acquisitionsRead More Satirical Social Construct Theories in Carolls Wonderland Essay1275 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages The Victorian Era held many common beliefs that contrast to everything modern society holds as true.These beliefs ecompassed such areas as social theory, class differences, racial prejudices, the effect of capitalism in society, and the role and extent of education Lewis Carroll challenges and satirizes these social constructs in his novels Alice in Wonderland and Through the Looking Glass by the use of fantasy characters and settings. He confronts the reader indirectly thr ough Alice; as the fantasyRead MoreIn In Memoriam Essay1951 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesconfusion about religion and new discoveries in science. Charles Darwin wrote The Origin of Species, which had many theories of evolution which include, the survival of the fittest and natural selection. These scientific developments characterized the Victorian age and confused the foundation of the Christian faith among people. The stories of the bible conflicted with the scientific facts and the people could no longer accept many of the things that the bible once said. There are many sections of the poemRead MoreFrankenstein Application Essay1036 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesShelleyÃ¢â¬â¢s creature was very much like a child, a blank canvas either nurtured or left to the wilds of nature. Is it science and the desire of mankind to control nature that is the driving factor? The answer lies in the climate fostered in Victorian England. It was one of unparalleled progress due to exploding industrialization of cities with modern factories, production processes, and advanced engineering. This exciting era also brought momentous discoveries in Geology, Astronomy, and theRead More Biblical Allusions in Charlotte Brontes Jane Eyre Essay1007 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesCharlotte Brontes Jane Eyre. Brought up by an Anglican minister, Bronte understood the Bible as an authoritative text upon which many members of Victorian society guided their lives. As a result of this religious training, Bronte inserted references into her stories, giving her characters a richer existence. Bible reading was also a large part of Victorian society, assuring Bronte that her audience could understand and appreciate the different allusions she used in Jane Eyre. Historian Hugh McLeodRead More Alfred Tennyson, Charles Darwin, Charles Lyell, and Essay3238 Words Ã |Ã 13 Pageswith Arthur Henry Hallam, who was the son of a well known historian. Hallam encouraged and inspired Tennyson to write. Hallam died in 1833. Tennyson published poems in 1842 which proved to be a great success and secured his position as the foremost Victorian Poet. The year 1850 was important to Tennyson for two reasons: his marriage to Emily Sellwood and the publication of In Memoriam , his great elegy to Arthur Hallam. In MemoriamÃ¢â¬â¢ was merely a verification of some of the books that Tennyson had
Wednesday, December 11, 2019
What is a revolution? A revolution is a call for change. Not all revolutions have been about government, meaning that they were not about going to war to change a government. Some revolutions were for economic, intellectual and social changes. Two of these revolutions were the Industrial Revolution and The Commercial Revolution. Both of these revolutions have brought many changes to their societies. The industrial Revolution began in Britain in the late 1700s. Before the industrial revolution people worked from home using hand tools or basic machines. Industrialization introduced special purpose machinery, factories and mass production. These machines would make it possible for products to be done faster and in greater amounts. These factories were built in cities. The people that liven in the country side saw a better way of living in the cities after the industrial revolution, this led to urbanization. This revolution raised the standard of living for many people, mostly for the middle and upper classes. We will write a custom essay sample on Non Political Revolutions or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page However, life for the poor and working classes was still very challenging. Most of the time wages for the people that worked were low and the working conditions were poor. Industrialization also took away jobs for some people. Some craftspeople were replaces by machines. Because of so many people arriving from the country side urban and industrialized areas became overcrowded and polluted making diseases way easier to spread and catch. The Commercial Revolution was a period of European economic expansion, colonialism and mercantilism which lasted from the 16th century until the early 18th century. The Commercial Revolution increased trade and price inflation which led to the creation of new working class. The commercial Revolution also led to what is called the Colombian exchange, in which animals, plants an diseases were transported between the old world to the new world. The Commercial revolution led to the discovery of the new world which had many exotic products that the Europeans wanted like gold and silver. The excessive trade of gold and silver caused economic growth in Europe and thatÃ¢â¬â¢s when banks and credit facilities were built. The commercial revolution also had negative impacts such as price inflations which was bad for poor people because even though they were the one that worked the most in farming and everything else they were still not able to afford the high prices on products. This created a bigger gap between the rich and poor people. Non political revolutions, just like political revolutions have had many impacts on their society. Both the commercial revolution and the industrial revolution gave their societies a better way of living and new chances to develop new ways to make money. Most of these improvements and developments are still used in the modern world such as trades and factories.
Wednesday, December 4, 2019
INTRODUCTION In recent years, in Canada, we have seen a gradual reduction in the crime-rate. However, every day on the radio and on TV, we see and hear of another armed robbery, another sexual assault, another drug bust, or another brutal murder. This is scary because it affects us all. We are all potential victims; we are all susceptible to these horrible crimes. Even scarier is that more and more of these crimes, the violent ones, involve young offenders. We are hearing more and more about young offenders, youth between the ages of twelve and eighteen, who are stabbing people on school grounds, sexually assaulting others, and murdering their peers. Recently, we heard the story of a young boy, only six years old, who murdered a fellow classmate in a Michigan elementary school. A few years ago, we heard of the two young boys in England who murdered a boy who was under the age of three years. The dealing of narcotics on the school ground, be it elementary or high school, is increasing. Gradually, it seems that people from every age group are becoming victims, and people from every age group are becoming offenders. Because of space limitations, this paper will deal only with a few young offenders issues. In addition, only a few aspects of the Young Offenders Act will be dealt with. LEGISLATION The Young Offenders Act is the federal law for young people charged with crimes. Prior to April 2, 1984, the Young Offenders Act did not exist in Canada. Instead, the Juvenile Delinquents Act (which had been used since 1908) was used to deal with young offenders. The main philosophy of this latter Act was to deal with the welfare of the child. In April 1984, the Young Offenders Act was enacted and one of the major changes that took place was in the philosophy used to deal with young offenders. The Young Offenders Act recognizes that in some situations, a young offender may be deemed (by the trial judge) to be beyond rehabilitation, and a lengthy period of incarceration may result, as opposed to further attempts to rehabilitate. Therefore, the Young Offenders Act deals not only with the welfare of the child, but also, with the welfare of society. Thus, with the change in approach, from the old legislation to the new, it can be argued that it is now easier to imprison a young offender, and for longer periods of time. The Crown Prosecutor must only convince the trial judge that it would be in the best interests of society and that there is no other alternative way of dealing with the young offender. And, of course, a young offender is subject to longer periods of imprisonment if tried in adult court, as opposed to being tried in youth court. For children who are under the age of twelve years, an offense is dealt with under the provinces child welfare laws. Under the former Juvenile Delinquents Act, only children under seven were considered too young to be held criminally responsible for their actions. The Young Offenders Act does not apply to offenses involving provincial statutes, such as driving without a license, hunting out of season, drinking liquor while underage, and speeding. AN ALTERNATIVE TO COURT Not all young offenders who commit an offense wind up in court. If a young person has never before been in trouble with the law, a chance to participate in an Alternative Measures program may be considered, rather than a charge being laid and the young offender having to deal with it in court. The young person must accept responsibility for the offense that has been committed and be prepared to make up for the harm caused. As one example of an Alternative Measures program, a young offender might be required to attend an educational program to gain a better understanding of the wrong doing and how it has affected others. In the alternative, he/she might agree to perform community service. Frequently, as part of an Alternative Measures resolution, a young offender will be ordered to apologize to the victim and possibly do some work, such as raking leaves or shoveling snow, for the victim. COURT DISPOSITIONS There are numerous sentencing choices open to youth court judges, following a guilty plea by